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Latihan Soal Bahasa INggris

Adverb of manner

adjective

adverb

anxious

anxiously

bad

…………

beautiful

………….

capable

capably

lucky

………….

quick

………….

weak

…………..

 

The little girl ran quickly. In this sentence quickly modifies the verb ran (to run).

 

Adjective Adverb of Manner
  bad  badly
  complete  ________________
  normal  ________________
  surprising  ________________
  busy   busily
  easy  ________________
  happy  ________________

 

Adverbs which do not use the ending –ly

Adjective Adverb of Manner
  fast   …………..
  hard  …………..
  little  …………..
  loud   loud or loudly
  much  …………..
  straight  …………..
Adjective Adverb of Location
  far  …………..
  high  …………..
  low  …………..
  near  …………..
  wide  …………..

 

Adjective Adverb of Time
  early   early
  first   first
  late   late
  long   long

 

Adjective Adverb of Frequency
  daily   daily
  monthly   monthly
  weekly   weekly
  yearly   yearly

 

Adverb Meaning   Adverb Meaning
  hard   with effort     hardly   scarcely
  high   opposite of low     highly   very; very well
  late   opposite of early     lately   recently
  near   opposite of far     nearly   almost
  wide   opposite of narrow     widely   commonly

 

 

Adjective:      It has been a quiet afternoon.
Adverb:    The afternoon passed  ….…………….

Adjective:   She is a good musician.
Adverb:      She plays the flute very ……………...

I worked ………………...
I have hardly enough time to finish.

He threw the ball …………….. into the air.
He is highly successful in what he does.

The class began ……………….
The weather has been cold lately.

I opened the door wide.
That theory is ………………. believed.

Fill in the comparative and superlative forms of the adjectives.

Example: new – _____ – _______

Answer: new – newernewest

1) old – -
2) bad – -
3) difficult – -
4) large – -
5) good – -
6) big – -
7) easy – -
8) much – -
9) little – -
10) interesting – -

 

1. Apples are ____________than chips. (healthy)

 

2. Elephants are ____________ (big) than bears.

 

3. Gold is ____________ than silver. (expensive)

 

4. Bikes are ___________ than cars. (slow)

 

5. I am _____________ at English than my brother .(good)

 

6. My friend is ______________than me. (tall)

 

7. Sandy is _____________ than Tamara. (thin)

 

8. My father is ______________than Tom’s father. (strong)

9. “Harry Potter “books are ______________than “The Book of the Jungle”. (interesting)

 

10. The tiger is ____________ than a fox .(heavy)

 

 

11. The weather is ____________ than yesterday . (hot)

 

12. The girls are _______________ than the boys. (happy)

 

13. Berta is _______________ than Debby.(beautiful)

 

14. French is ________________ than English. (difficult)

 

15. Tina is 5 years old. Sandra is 10 years old. Sandra is ___________ than Tina.(old)

16. Russia is ____________ than France. (large)

17. I am _____________at maths than my best friend (bad)

 

18. Love is _______________ than money.(important)

 

19. His car is _____________ than mine. (cheap)

 

20. The first movie is ______________ than the second.I don’t recommend it. (boring)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

AS + ADJECTIVE + AS
To compare people, places, events or things, when there is no difference, use as + adjective + as:

–> Peter is 24 years old. John is 24 years old. Peter is as old as John.
–> Moscow is as cold as St. Petersburg in the winter.
–> Ramona is as happy as Raphael.
–> Einstein is as famous as Darwin.
–> A tiger is as dangerous as a lion.

NOT AS + ADJECTIVE + AS
Difference can also be shown by using not so/as …as:
–> Mont Blanc is not as high as Mount Everest.
–> Norway is not as sunny as Thailand
–> A bicycle is not as expensive as a car.

COMPARATIVE + THAN
To compare the difference between two people, things or events.

–> Mt. Everest is higher than Mt. Blanc.
–> Thailand is sunnier than Norway.
–> A car is more expensive than a bicycle.
–> Albert is more intelligent than Arthur.

COMPARISONS OF QUANTITY
To show no difference: –> as much as , as many as, as few as, as little as
as many as / as few as countable nouns; as much as / as little as + uncountable nouns

With countable nouns:
–> They have as many children as us.
–> We have as many customers as them.
–> Tom has as few books as Jane.

With uncountable nouns:
–> John eats as much food as Peter.
–> Jim has as little food as Sam.
–> You’ve heard as much news as I have.

COMPARISONS OF QUANTITY
To show difference : more, less, fewer + than
To show no difference : as much as , as many as, as few as, as little as

With countable nouns: more / fewer
–> Eloise has more children than Chantal.
–> Chantal has fewer children than Eloise.
–> There are fewer dogs in Cardiff than in Bristol.

With uncountable nouns: more / less
–> Eloise has more money than Chantal.
–> Chantal has less money than Eloise.
–> I spend less time on homework than you do.

So, the rule is:
MORE + nouns that are countable or uncountable
FEWER + countable nouns
LESS + uncountable nouns

 

 

IRREGULAR COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES

These adjectives have completely irregular comparative and superlative forms:

 

Adjective Comparative Superlative
good better best
bad worse worst
little less least
much more most
far further / farther furthest / farthest

 

1.  We add ‘-er’ for the comparative form and ‘-est’ for the superlative form of one-syllable adjectives and adverbs. If they end in ‘-e’, you add ‘-r’ and ‘-st’.

cheap
safe
=> cheaper
safer
=> cheapest
safest

cold
fast
hard
light
poor
quick
rough
small
weak
young
~
close
large
nice
wide

 

They worked harder.

I’ve found a nicer hotel.

If they end in a single vowel and consonant (except ‘-w’), you double the consonant.

big => bigger => biggest

fat hot sad thin wet

 

The day grew hotter.

Henry was the biggest of them.

2.  With two-syllable adjectives ending in a consonant followed by ‘-y’, you change the ‘-y’ to ‘-i’ and add ‘-er’ and ‘-est’.

happy => happier => happiest

angry
busy
dirty
easy
friendly
funny
heavy
lucky
silly
tiny

 

It couldn’t be easier.

That is the funniest bit of the film.

 

 

3.  We use ‘more’ for the comparative and ‘most’ for the superlative of most two-syllable adjectives, all longer adjectives, and adverbs ending in ‘-ly’.

careful
more careful
most careful
=> beautiful
more beautiful
most beautiful
=> seriously
more seriously
most seriously

 

Be more careful next time.

They are the most beautiful gardens in the world.

It affected Clive most seriously.

Note that for ‘early’ as an adjective or adverb, you use ‘earlier’ and ‘earliest’, not ‘more’ and ‘most’.

4.  With some common two-syllable adjectives and adverbs, we can either add ‘-er’ and ‘-est’, or use ‘more’ and ‘most’.

common
cruel
gentle
handsome
likely
narrow
pleasant
polite
simple
stupid

 

Note that ‘clever’ and ‘quiet’ only add ‘-er’ and ‘-est’.

It was quieter outside.

He was the cleverest man I ever met.

5. We normally use ‘the’ with superlative adjectives in front of nouns, but you can omit ‘the’ after a link verb.

It was the happiest day of my life.

It was one of the most important discoveries.

I was happiest when I was on my own.

WARNING: When ‘most’ is used without ‘the’ in front of adjectives and adverbs, it often means almost the same as ‘very’.

This book was most interesting.

I object most strongly.

6. A few common adjectives and adverbs have irregular comparative and superlative forms.

good/well
bad/badly
far
old
=> better
worse
farther/further
older/elder
=> best
worst
farthest/furthest
oldest/eldest

 

She would ask him when she knew him better.

She sat near the furthest window.

Note that you use ‘elder’ or ‘eldest’ to say which brother, sister, or child in a family you mean.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adjective is a word which gives an additional detail about the meaning of a noun.

Mr. Clinton is a man of great wealth.

  • He is a wealthy man.

 

  1. The Police arrested a man of criminal nature.
    • The Police arrested a ________________ man.
  2. He a man without a friend.
    • He is ___________________  man.
  3. From this village came a man of great fame.
    • From this village came a ______________ man.
  4. It is of no use.
    • It is ________________ .
  5. I admit that he is a man of sense.
    • I admit that he is a _________________  man.

 

Adjective or adverb?

  1. The man is angry.                                (…………………..)
  2. The man shouted at me angrily.    (…………………..)
  3. The boy is unhappy.                            (…………………..)
  4. The boy looked at me unhappily. (…………………..)
  5. English is not that easy.                     (…………………..)
  6. He could break the wood easily.    (…………………..)
  7. I am so tired.                                          (…………………..)
  8. Please be careful!                                (…………………..)
  9. My sister opens the gift carefully.                 (…………………..)
  10. He makes a funny face.                     (…………………..)
  11. John is funny.                                        (…………………..)
  12. Everyone felt sad about the accident.         (…………………..)
  13. Mr. Green speaks German fluently.            (…………………..)
  14. Mr. Green is a fluent speaker.                        (…………………..)
  15. Betty is a slow learner.                                       (…………………..)
  16. She speaks slowly, eat slowly and work slowly.      (…………………..)
  17. You were talking too fast. Please speak slowly.      (…………………..)
  18. He came late to the school yesterday.                        (…………………..)
  19. We must study hard.                          (…………………..)
  20. My grandpa was a hard worker.    (…………………..)

 

final or finally

26.  The …………………. exam is coming soon.           

27.  He ………………….. came to my party.

28.  I will take a …………………… review on this book.

29.  My best friend ………………………. forgave me.

30.  This is my …………………… warning!

 

good or well

31.  Tom is a …………………… student.

32.  He always do his work …………………….

33. Yesterday, he did a ……………………. Job.

34.  He finished his exam ……………………….

35. As a result, he got a ………………………. grade.

 

sudden or suddenly

36. We felt a …………….. movement on the ground.

37. The ground was ……………………………. moved.

38. ………………………… we heard a loud noise.

39. All of a …………………….., the roof collapsed.

40.  The people ……………………………. ran to save their life.

 

Note: An adverb phrase can modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb, and it can appear in a number of different positions in a sentence.

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